Personal life[ edit ] A Majorcan Jew, Cresques was a master map-maker and builder of clocks, compasses , and other nautical instruments. He was a leading member of the Majorcan cartographic school. His son, Jehuda Cresques , was also a notable cartographer. The Catalan Atlas[ edit ] Main article: Catalan Atlas Montage of 8 pages of the Catalan Atlas In , Cresques and his son Jehuda received an assignment from Prince John of Aragon the future John I of Aragon to make a set of nautical charts which would go beyond the normal geographic range of contemporary portolan charts to cover the East and the West, and everything that, from the Strait [of Gibraltar ] leads to the West.
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Meztilmaran Public domain Public domain false false. This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. In this way, they managed to acquire detailed information about the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts from a variety of cartographic traditions. British Museum — West Africa This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. Atls Cancel Send email OK.
This page was last edited on 22 Decemberat Persecution of Minorities in the Middle Ages Princeton,69— The Catalan Atlas by Jehuda Cresques, However, due to the inevitable need to differentiate between territories, iconography is employed to delineate between various political domains.
View more global usage of this file. The Church viewed the vast world to the Far East as a potential missionary arena from which to expand Christendom, while the more worldly-minded expressed excitement about the riches and trade of the Orient.
Sell images Our Blog. The Jewish Contribution To Civilization. Essays in the History of Cartography Baltimore, They are manifestations of a complex knowledge-power relationship that posses a specific esoteric meaning. The rise of the Catalans as an advanced sea-faring nation in the 13 th and 14 th centuries has its roots in the early 13 th century Iberian peninsula, where the Christian reconquista against the Andalusi Muslims was progressing with ctalan success and rapidity.
The travels of Marco Atas d. Atlas from the 14th century attributed to Abraham Cresques. The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file pages on other projects are not listed:. New York University Press: It has been noted that the Catalan Atlas as a sort of encyclopaedic compilation of European knowledge of the world in the late th century derived from the travel writings of sailors and explorers such as Marco Polo. Perhaps the most evident indication that maps are useful in understanding the construction of imperial space is the way in which they are used to legitimize the reality of conquest and empire.
The extent to which maps accurately represent reality is also a far less interesting question than the actual perspective that a particular map is seeking to convey. He also came from a Jewish family, a fact that may have led to his stigmatization, marginalization, and persecution in a place like Castile, but the outlook of the Aragonese meant that minority communities, such as the Jews at,as Muslims were generally tolerated. In this sense, it can caalan said that maps, especially those from early modern Europe, reflect imperial preoccupations but not always clearly.
The map provides intricate details about harbors, navigational routes and nautical aspects of the Mediterranean. File Atlas Catalan Abraham Cresques. Description Atlas Catalan Abraham Cresques. Essays in the History of Cartography.
It had a university and a tradition of producing manuscripts on subjects such as science, law, medicine, history and religion. According to Harley, maps and mapmaking are manifestations of a complex knowledge and power relationship.
Foremost among them is the depiction of Jerusalem—the city of the Crucifixion and the Resurrection—as the center of the world.
Many Indian and Chinese cities can be identified. The Catalan Atlas demonstrates that, despite its production during the medieval period, it can convey an overlapping collection of information in a coherent and advanced way. This is a featured picture on the English language Wikipedia Featured pictures and is considered one of the finest images.
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