BARTOLOME DE LAS CASAS HISTORY OF THE INDIES PDF

Learn about the condition of serfdom. He wrote many petitions, treatises, and books on the subject of the Spanish conquest of the Americas. The former was written as an introduction to a proposed book called Historia de las Indias, and the latter was published as a stand-alone summary of that book. Under the New Laws, encomenderos land grantees were required to release the serfs on their land after the span of a single generation.

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Learn about the condition of serfdom. He wrote many petitions, treatises, and books on the subject of the Spanish conquest of the Americas. The former was written as an introduction to a proposed book called Historia de las Indias, and the latter was published as a stand-alone summary of that book.

Under the New Laws, encomenderos land grantees were required to release the serfs on their land after the span of a single generation. The laws threatened the existence of the treasured encomienda system. Unsurprisingly, they were extremely unpopular in the Americas and were met with much resistance. Learn more about this Spanish colonial policy. Early life and efforts at reform The son of a small merchant, Las Casas is believed to have gone to Granada as a soldier in and to have enrolled to study Latin in the academy at the cathedral in Sevilla Seville.

As a reward for his participation in various expeditions, he was given an encomienda —a royal land grant including Indian inhabitants—and he soon began to evangelize that population, serving as doctrinero, or lay teacher of catechism. Perhaps the first person in America to receive holy orders , he was ordained a priest in either or In he took part in the bloody conquest of Cuba and, as priest-encomendero land grantee , received an allotment of Indian serfs.

Although during his first 12 years in America Las Casas was a willing participant in the conquest of the Caribbean, he did not indefinitely remain indifferent to the fate of the indigenous peoples. In a famous sermon on August 15, , he announced that he was returning his Indian serfs to the governor.

Realizing that it was useless to attempt to defend the Indians at long distance in America, he returned to Spain in to plead for their better treatment. He sailed for America in November Las Casas returned to Spain the next year. In addition to studying the juridical problems of the Indies, he began to work out a plan for their peaceful colonization by recruiting farmers as colonists.

The location selected for the new colony was on the Gulf of Paria in the northern part of present-day Venezuela. Las Casas and a group of farm labourers departed for America in December The failure to recruit a sufficient number of farmers, the opposition of the encomenderos of Santo Domingo, and, finally, an attack by the Indians themselves all were factors that brought disaster to the experiment in January Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.

He joined the Dominican order in The Historia, which by his request was not published until after his death, is an account of all that had happened in the Indies just as he had seen or heard of it. But, rather than a chronicle, it is a prophetic interpretation of events. Las Casas interrupted work on the book only to send to the Council of the Indies in Madrid three long letters in , , and , in which he accused persons and institutions of the sin of oppressing the Indian, particularly through the encomienda system.

Encouraged by the favourable outcome of this experiment, Las Casas set out for Spain late in , arriving there in According to those laws, the encomienda was not to be considered a hereditary grant; instead, the owners had to set free their Indian serfs after the span of a single generation.

To ensure enforcement of the laws, Las Casas was named bishop of Chiapas in Guatemala , and in July he set sail for America, together with 44 Dominicans. The rigorous enforcement of his regulations led to vehement opposition on the part of the Spanish faithful during Lent of and forced Las Casas to establish a council of bishops to assist him in his task. But soon his uncompromisingly pro-Indian position alienated his colleagues, and in he returned to Spain.

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Bartolomé de Las Casas citations

You are all in mortal sin Have they not rational souls? Must not you love them as you love yourselves? It must be the guide and the critic of the state If the church does not recapture its prophetic zeal, it will become an irrelevant social club without moral or spiritual authority.

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Biography of Bartolomé de Las Casas, Spanish Colonist

The print was made by two Flemish artists who had fled the Southern Netherlands because of their Protestant faith: Joos van Winghe was the designer and Theodor de Bry the engraver. Las Casas became a hacendado and slave owner, receiving a piece of land in the province of Cibao. Las Casas was among those denied confession for this reason. He is said to have preached, "Tell me by what right of justice do you hold these Indians in such a cruel and horrible servitude? On what authority have you waged such detestable wars against these people who dealt quietly and peacefully on their own lands?

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Bartolomé de Las Casas

Professor of History and Literature Ph. Born: c. His father was a merchant and was acquainted with the Italian explorer Christopher Columbus. The family became quite wealthy and had holdings on Hispaniola, an island in the Caribbean. He excelled in his studies, particularly Latin, and his strong academic background served him well in the years to come. By then, the natives of the island had been mostly subdued, and the city of Santo Domingo was being used as a resupply point for Spanish incursions in the Caribbean. The young man accompanied the governor on two different military missions aimed at pacifying those natives who remained on the island.

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Bartolomé de las Casas

They had been defamed by persons who feared neither God nor the charge, so grievous before divine judgment, of defaming even a single man and causing him to lose his esteem and honor. From such slander can come great harm and terrible calamity, particularly when large numbers of men are concerned and, even more so, a whole new world. It has been written that these peoples of the Indies, lacking human governance and ordered nations, did not have the power of reason to govern themselves -- which was inferred only from their having been found to be gentle, patient and humble. It has been implied that God became careless in creating so immense a number of rational souls and let human nature, which He so largely determined and provided for, go astray in the almost infinitesimal part of the human lineage which they comprise. From this it follows that they have all proven themselves unsocial and therefore monstrous, contrary to the natural bent of all peoples of the world; and that He did not allow any other species of corruptible creature to err in this way, excepting a strange and occasional case. In order to demonstrate the truth, which is the opposite, this book brings together and compiles [certain natural, special and accidental causes which are specified below in Chapter CCLXIII]

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