Enviar Biografia de Carolina Maria de Jesus Carolina Maria de Jesus foi um a autora brasileira, considerada uma das primeiras e mais destacadas escritoras negras do Paнs. Neta de escravos e filha de uma lavadeira analfabeta, Carolina cresceu em uma famнlia com mais sete irmгos. A jovem recebeu o incentivo e a ajuda de Maria Leite Monteiro de Barros — uma das freguesas de sua mгe — para frequentar a escola. Com sete anos, ingressou no colйgio Alan Kardec, onde cursou a primeira e a segunda sйrie do ensino fundamental. Apesar de pouco tempo na escola, Carolina logo desenvolveu o gosto pela leitura e pela escrita.

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But all is hypocrisy They are uncultivated, and trickers. Local politicians wanted to meet with Carolina and discuss some of her points. Most of these projects were dedicated to teach women how to sew, care properly of their children and teach good hygiene.

This was a step in the right direction though these projects quickly faded. During the interview Vera clearly describes how her mother devoted herself entirely to her dream of becoming a writer, without the help of others. Although Carolina was a difficult person to live with, Vera stated "There is no one in the world I admire more than her.

Constantly praising her mother during the interview, Vera gives thanks to her life history completely to the work of her mother; she would have not been able attend school but for the success of her mother,. Violence in the favela made it dangerous for Vera and her brothers to be on the streets with her mother, so most of their time was spent waiting and sometimes studying in their shack awaiting her return.

Carolina rarely let her children leave their shack in fear of their safety. Later, leaving her children became too dangerous. They only returned at night, to sleep. Movie tickets ended up costing much of our money for food, but she preferred it that way. Carolina simply loved being infatuated with men and adored love making. She stressed how Carolina did not like the black men living in the favela and that they did not favor Carolina too much either. They were less in awe of her writing, and more intimidated by it: "In the favela, they thought that she was crazy, walking with her notebook under her arm.

There were people who laughed. The worst ones laughed at her piles of paper, but they stopped when they realized that it was neither a joke nor craziness" She threatened to write about people in her book if she got upset. Jealousy of her writing, men, and lifestyle resulted in other faveladas becoming her enemies. However, this did not stop Carolina continuing to write about what was happening in the favela.

She told about a time during her childhood where she was playing in the grass when a man approached her and asked her to help him find something. Soon everything Vera, her brothers, and her mother wanted was at their fingertips.

Vera said her mother always wanted to be the center of attention, and aspired to become a singer and an actress. Despite her efforts to do so, her publisher informed her that this would not benefit her and that she should continue writing her books.

Soon after the family moved away from the favela and into Santana the children quickly learned about prejudice. Here, Carolina and the family lived in a large brick house that seemed almost like a prison due to its size. Other children in the neighborhood were not allowed to play with Vera and her two brothers because other families considered Carolina "marked by the favela", [9] This was unusual to Vera and her brothers because they were so used to playing outside, but in Santana they remained in their home and did not interact with other children.

Despite her fame and fortune Vera noticed her mother becoming impatient due to her lack of privacy. Before her publication all Carolina wanted was to have her writing noticed, but now she started to regret this decision.

Now that money was plentiful Carolina began to spend without paying attention to what she was spending her earnings on. She wanted to be an English-language translator. Along with his intelligence he was simultaneously angry and erratic — again, a trait of his mother. Although living among the lowest classes of society, Carolina had dreams and aspirations like those who lived most comfortably in Brazil during the mids.

Some would argue that all members of society, regardless of social or economic status, have goals and ambitions of some sort. However, Carolina Maria de Jesus was a woman who believed that her dreams could be realized, and against great odds, many of them were. The activities that Carolina used to occupy her free time, her decision to avoid the many vices present in everyday favela life, as well as her choice of sexual partners, all indicate that while she was physically in the favela her mind was elsewhere.

She wrote poems, novels and stories. In the early s, Carolina began taking her work to editors in an attempt to get it published. Among the many things that Carolina chose to write about in her diary were the people living around her. She describes herself as being very different from the other favelados, and claimed that "she detested other blacks from her social class". Carolina was consistently able to provide for her children by recycling used trash for money or foraging through garbage cans for food and clothing.

Although it was not unusual for faveladas to seek lighter-skinned partners, since light skin was associated with higher economic status, Carolina never used her relationships to better her own situation. The fathers of her children were all white foreigners from Italy, Portugal , and the United States. A possible explanation may be that she did not want anyone to compromise her way of living. Regardless of the reason, Carolina stayed true to her beliefs and would not submit to the way of life that the favela offered her.

Global impact[ edit ] She wrote four additional books after Child of the Dark, which were published without success. She rose and fell from the public eye rapidly. This was probably because of her strong personality that kept her from getting along with a lot of people. She also dabbled in poems, short stories, and brief memoirs, none of which were ever published.

In fact, her obituary in a edition of Jornal do Brasil comments about her blaming herself for not being able to take advantage of her brief celebrity status and that her stubbornness led her to die in poverty. We should rather consider how her story and descriptions provide insight to the Brazilian favela condition.

Her book was read extensively both in capitalist areas such as Western Europe and the United States, as well as in socialist bloc countries, the Eastern bloc and Cuba , the wide range of audience suggesting how many people her story affected outside of Brazil. For the liberal and capitalist West, the book portrayed a cruel and corrupt system which had been reinforced by centuries of colonial ideals instilled on the people.

In opposition, for the communist readers the stories depicted perfectly the fundamental flaws of the capitalist system where the worker is the most downtrodden part of the economic system. As Brazilian historian Jose Carlos Sebe noted, "many foreign specialists in Brazil year after year used her translated diary in their classes", [15] which indicates her important role worldwide in providing one of the only primary direct factual accounts of what was going on in these favelas.

Author Robert M. Translated by David St. New York: E. Dutton, Casa de alvenaria


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