The book classifies the general process of a revolution into 7 stages. Due to its involvement in the American Revolutionary War and foreign wars, plus the extravagant lives of the nobles, France was soon facing a serious financial crisis. The meeting involved representatives from each of the three estates, each of the states had only one vote. The First and Second Estates both had about representatives, but the Third Estate had about representatives. This was viewed by the representatives of Third Estates as an unfair method of voting, and their suggestion for allowing every one of the representatives to vote, had been rejected by the First and Secondary Estates. Widespread Dissatisfaction The National Assembly soon took action for reforming new constitutions.
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How to Define Revolution In the opening pages of Anatomy of a Revolution , historian Crane Brinton struggles to define his object of study. Brinton sets himself apart from other scholars who narrate history. The author identifies himself as a social scientist and a practitioner of the scientific method.
In each case, writes Brinton, the events unfold along a similar trajectory. The middle class grows in strength. Brinton structures the revolution in three distinct chronological phases linked to the successive control of different social groups: moderate, radical, and extremist. When tensions finally break, Brinton says, the revolution begins in a moderate phase. The moderates share a common goal of voicing grievances, but they are disorganized. Eventually, a radical schism emerges, clashing with the moderates.
The government attempts to respond to the unrest, but their efforts are unsuccessful. The failure of the Old Regime to suppress the revolutionaries only fuels the power of the radicals. While the moderates represent a progressive, reactionary force, Brinton describes their agenda as revisionist. The primary goal of the moderates is to reinstate a just government and civil society.
Eugene Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People Since the moderates are opposed by both left and right, radical groups emerge with the fervor to overthrow them. For the radicals, a baseline strategy is insufficient. The radicals have higher hopes for a truly free society. Moderates and radicals clash, leading to the radical phase. Bloody battles ensue. The radicals are well-organized and fanatical a terrible combination.
They spread propaganda and work passionately to disseminate their goals and gain a following. The emergence of a strong leader marks the succession of a final, extremist phase. As a specialist in French history, Brinton here uses the Thermidorian Reaction in reference to the execution of Robespierre as a model for the climax of all revolutions.
From the Thermidorian Reaction, Brinton extrapolates that, in the final phase of a revolution a strong leader emerges. He becomes the figurehead of the revolution. Execution of Robespierre.
Anatomy of a Revolution Book Summary
How to Define Revolution In the opening pages of Anatomy of a Revolution , historian Crane Brinton struggles to define his object of study. Brinton sets himself apart from other scholars who narrate history. The author identifies himself as a social scientist and a practitioner of the scientific method. In each case, writes Brinton, the events unfold along a similar trajectory.
Crane Brinton's Theory Of Revolution
His conclusion, was that there were 4 different stages in a revolution. The skeleton The 4 stages were dubbed: Preliminary, first, second, third. More accurately described as the: Old regime, rule of the moderates, crisis, and recovery stage. Each stage have their own rules and events within. All of which, will be explained in this Sutori. The main thing in this stage is the initial conflict.
In this respect, a revolution is not a positive phenomena, it is something to be avoided and cured, when and if, it occurs. This is due to the fact that "nobody wants to have a fever" Brinton, However, fever, and Revolution, "in itself is a good thing The revolution destroys wicked people and harmful and useless institutions" Brinton breaks down the revolution into three entities: the symptoms, the fever itself, which is the manipulation of revolution, and the break of the fever, when things more or less return to normal. In the early stages of the revolution itself, Brinton sees the moderates seize power, but then the extremists take that power away from them. Then the fever breaks, Thermidor occurs and the revolution is over.