CRONICA DEL PERU PEDRO CIEZA DE LEON PDF

Su obra no se limita a realizar una mera crnica de los acontecimientos que vea o viva, sino que tuvo conciencia de historiador, es decir de narrar una gesta ms o menos pica con un estilo discursivo con la intencin de contar verdades. Casi todos los datos que tenemos de Cieza de Len los hemos tomado del erudito prlogo que escribi el seor Marcos Jimnez d la Espada, en la parte de las obras de Cieza de Len que se ha publicado en Madrid, en la coleccin de la Biblioteca Hispano - ultra martima. Pedro Cieza de Len era, como casi todos los ms famosos conquistadores de Amrica, extremeo, nacido en Llerena alrededor de , Pas a las Indias siendo muy joven: aproximadamente a los 13 17 aos, pero se sabe que fue en el ao puesto que el primer lugar donde arrib, fue Cartagena, y las primeras aventuras propias que menciona fueron en las expediciones que acompa a los Heredias en aquella provincia, de para adelante.

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Public Domain Although Pizarro may have been shocked initially, he may have also been relieved to see how organized and sophisticated their worship practices were. The Incas were obviously devoted to their gods and goddesses because religion permeated every aspect of their life.

So, the Incas did not need to be coerced into the act of worship; the Spanish only needed to force the Incan people to pledge allegiance to and provide as much devotion to the Catholic god and abandon their pagan ones. But what gods were the Incas worshipping that required so much devotion and sacrifice of foodstuffs, gold, and silver — sacrifices offered to pagan gods which were only fit for a Christian god?

Public Domain Viracocha — Creator of all Things The Inca believed in a supreme deity called Viracocha, who was neither male nor female. After Viracocha created everything, the Incans believed it retreated from earthly affairs, handed the reins over to the sun and the moon, and disappeared into the sea, leaving behind a promise that it would return.

These two deities were complementary to one another as Incas believed in a duality in all things. Inti was the sun god and it was believed that his sweat gave the Inca people their enormous stores of gold. Mama Killa was the moon goddess and it was believed that she gave the Inca people silver through her tears. A special class of trained people known as orjones and acllas, whose only job was to appease the gods, cared for and worshipped these deities in the Coricancha, the temple of the sun.

This spectacular place of worship was filled with golden statues, including the large sun-disk which shone brightly when the sun aligned with it during the solstices. The golden portion of the Coricancha was dedicated to Inti and the silver side was dedicated to Mama Killa.

Coricancha, the Temple of the Sun, was destroyed by the conquistadors and used to build a church. The original Inca stones can still be seen at the base of the church.

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Pedro Cieza de León

In the Altiplano , potatoes provided the principal energy source for the Inca Empire , its predecessors, and its Spanish successor. Andean Indians prepared their potatoes in a variety of ways, such as mashed, baked boiled, and stewed in ways similar to modern day Europeans. The Andean Indians also prepared a dish called papas secas, which was a process that involved boiling, peeling, and chopping. Doing this repeatedly allowed for a softening of the potatoes. Farmers then extract the water from the potato, leaving it much lighter and smaller. This new creation was then prepared into a stew, and usually was an addition to a stew.

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Woodcut illustrations. The author, the foremost soldier-chronicler of the conquest, served under Pedro de La Gasca in his campaign against Gonzalo Pizarro during the civil war in Peru in the years following the conquest. When he returned to Spain in , he managed to publish only the first part of his work It includes both the cities founded by the Spaniards, such as Lima and Quito, and the first documented descriptions of Inca cities and their customs. His wealth of information is the result of personal observation, the scrutiny of reports and official papers, and oral reports from Quechua Indians" Delgado-Gomez. Considered the earliest history of the entire viceroyalty of Peru, La Chronica

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