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As a young man, Schopenhauer studied at the University of Gottingen and in Berlin, where he attended the lectures of Fichte and Schleiermacher. When Schopenhauer wrote his principal work, The World as Will and Idea , he was confident that it was a work of great importance that would soon win him fame, but in this he was badly disappointed.
In he arranged to hold a series of philosophical lectures at the same time as those of the newly arrived professor Hegel, whom Schopenhauer despised calling him, among other creative epithets, an "intellectual Caliban". This move resulted only in further humiliation for Schopenhauer, since no one showed up to hear him. Schopenhauer continued to be frustrated in repeated attempts to achieve recognition. In and he submitted essays on freedom of the will and the foundation of morality to competitions sponsored by the Royal Danish Academy but he won no prize, even when his essay was the only entry in the competition.
In he published a second volume of The World as Will and Idea, containing developments and commentaries on the first. This may be in part because, unlike his German idealist contemporaries, Schopenhauer is a lucid and even witty writer, whose style consciously owes more to Hume than to Kant. He saw the same vision in the texts of Indian religionsVedanta and Buddhismwhich he regarded as vastly superior to Western monotheism.
True salvation, however, lies in an intuitive insight into the evil of willing, which in its highest manifestations is capable of completely extinguishing the will in a state of nirvana. In his perceptive development of the psychological consequences of his theory, Schopenhauer gives particular emphasis to the way in which our knowledge and behavior are insidiously manipulated by our unconscious volition; this stress, plus the central role he gives to sexuality in his theory of the will, contains much that is found later in Freud who acknowledged that Schopenhauer had anticipated his theory of repression.
EL ARTE DE INSULTAR
Jorge Juan, Chile, - Buenos Aires, Argentina edafdelplata edaf. First Street Miami, FL edafantillas edaf. Exequiel Fernandez. Aproximacion de la vida y la obra de Sch penhauver
EL ARTE DE INSULTAR
arthur_shopenhauer_el arte de insultar.pdf