There is a consensus among eminent Indian Philologists that Oriya is a separate language and has a rich literature. Ashokan inscriptions at Dhauli hills near Bhubaneswar 3rd Century B. Of course quite a few scholars of Eastern languages have claimed Buddhist Caryapada Budhagana and Doha as the earliest stage of each of their languages 8th to 10th Century AD. It is, however, an established fact that Oriya emerged as a separate and independent language around the tenth and eleventh A. Evolution of Oriya Literature We would now turn our attention to the evolution of Oriya literature over the ages. Modern Oriya Literary From mid-nineteenth Century Period up to the present day — this includes the renaissance Period following occupation of Orissa by the Britishers and spread of English education and development of Oriya fiction, poetry, drama etc.
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There is a consensus among eminent Indian Philologists that Oriya is a separate language and has a rich literature. Ashokan inscriptions at Dhauli hills near Bhubaneswar 3rd Century B. Of course quite a few scholars of Eastern languages have claimed Buddhist Caryapada Budhagana and Doha as the earliest stage of each of their languages 8th to 10th Century AD.
It is, however, an established fact that Oriya emerged as a separate and independent language around the tenth and eleventh A. Evolution of Oriya Literature We would now turn our attention to the evolution of Oriya literature over the ages. Modern Oriya Literary From mid-nineteenth Century Period up to the present day — this includes the renaissance Period following occupation of Orissa by the Britishers and spread of English education and development of Oriya fiction, poetry, drama etc.
They were lovers of Sanskrit literature and promoted the development of Sanskrit scholarship. The love for Oriya language, literature and culture emerged with the enthronement of Emperor Kapilendra Deva of the Gajapati Surya Vanshi dynasty in A. He was a warrior of indomitable courage. Adikabi Sarala Das was the leading poet of this period during which Orissa was at the apex of her political and military glory and economic prosperity. During this period of Oriya resurgence, Sarala Das wrote three of his epoch-making works in Oriya — namely Mahabharata, Chandi Purana, The most important of the above three Oriya Literary works being Mahabharata.
All the three epics were composed in Dandi metre. It was not a simple translation. Sarla Das has included in his works very many historical pictures of the then social life, military strategy, etc.
The Bilanka Ramayana and Chandi Purana were also new creations of Sarala Das which did not merely follow the outlines in the original Sanskrit texts. Oriya literature was largely enriched by the contributions of the five saint-poets Panchasakha who however did not emerge at a time.
Jagannath Das and Shri Chaitanya were contemporaries. The Panchasakhas were held in high esteem and formed a unique group holding forth Bhakti as the best path to realize God. They popularized religious and spiritual literature in Oriya which were formerly in Sanskrit language and had a close preserve of ballads, prayers and stories in verse which have a moral, cultural and religious bearing and were intelligible to Oriya laymen.
Jagannath Das was the most famous of the Panchasakhas and famous for his immensely popular Oriya Bhagabat. It is not a mere translation of the Sanskrit Bhagabat.
Oriya Bhagabat was easily intelligible and could be memorized by the devotees, mainly rural masses. Almost every village had a place called Bhagabat Tungi where religious discourses based on Bhagabat were held. Imaginative Oriya poetry of 16th to 17th Century After Bhakti-Kavyas, imaginative and romantic poetry occupied the next important place in Oriya literature.
Chautisa normally used to cover narratives, love stories or religious feelings. This piece details marriage ceremony of Siva and Parvati. During this period Bhakti Rasa was replaced by Srinagara Rasa. Although there were very many poets, Kabi Samrata Upendrabhanja took this ornate Oriya poetry to its zenith in the eighteenth Century. In his poetic compositions Upendra Bhanja used his Slesha, Yamak, Chhandas irony, humour, alliteration etc.
He was a supreme exponent of mellifluous combination of words and had studied Sanskrit Abhidhans like Amarkosa and Trikandakosa. Upendra Bhanja, the prince of Oriya Ornate poetic style, was a prolific poet. His works included-Chitralekha, Hemamanjari, Chandabhusan. The age of ornate Oriya poetry commenced with poet Dhananjaya Bhanja.
For over one century, however, Upendra Bhanja dominated this genre of poetry. The ornate Kabya tradition in Oriya literature ended with Bidagdha Chintarmani of Abhimanyu Samantasinghar , who was a great Vaishnaba poet in the twilight of medieval Oriya literature.
Most of the lyrical poetry was composed in locally popular musical forms Raga so that those could be sung. During late 18th century and first half of nineteenth century, the most prominent lyrical poets included, Kabisurya Balladev Rath Kishore Chandranan Champu Copal Krishna , Gaurhari, Gauracharan, Basamali, Haribandhu. Towards the close of the medieval period, Orissa was occupied by Britishers.
Orissa then came in contact with English educations and civilization and with that, commenced the period of modern Oriya literature of nineteenth century. There were also publications of religious journals. The renaissance of modern Oriya literature commenced after The western impact was felt in every aspect of Oriya literature. The Oriya writers took interest in new genera like poetry, fiction, essays, drama, etc.
Traditional Oriya poetry was replaced by elegy, ode, lyric, sonnet etc. Fakir Mohan Senapati: He is considered the Father of modern Oriya literature, particularly in prose — in the field of novels and short stories. Fakirmohan had a unique style of his own, using colloquial Oriya language replete with humour and satire. These Literary creations remain unsurpassed even today. The foundation of modern Oriya short story was also laid by Fakirmohan in late nineteenth century.
This was about female education, a sensitive subject a century back. Fakirmohan wrote scores of short stories covering the then Oriya village life, society, urban centers etc. His was a forceful literary genre in Oriya fiction. Other founders of modern Oriya literature Other founders of modern Oriya literature during the late 19th and early 20th century periods were Radhanath Ray, Madhusudan Rao and Gangadhar Meher.
Radhanath Ray started writing modern Oriya poetry in late nineteenth century. Most of his themes were adapted from stories of Greek Legends set in Orissan surroundings. He was a talented poet. He ushered in modern age in Oriya poetry. He sang in praise of God and led a pure and sublime life.
Gangadhar Meher was a famous poet of western Orissa of late nineteenth century. In Oriya Poetry, he used both classical and modern forms. It is not a catalogue of all writers in Oriya. Oriya literature has now entered the 21st century with lot of promises.
Gita in Odiya – Download Bhagavad Gita in Odiya in Pdf format for free
Add to Wishlist Install Bhagavad Gita is knowledge of five basic truths and the relationship of each truth to the other: These five truths are Krishna, or God, the individual soul, the material world, action in this world, and time. The Gita lucidly explains the nature of consciousness, the self, and the universe. It was narrated for the first time in the battle of Kurukshetra, by Lord Krishna to Arjun. The Bhagavad Gita, also referred to as Gita, is a —verse Dharmic scripture that is part of the ancient Sanskrit epic Mahabharata. This scripture contains a conversation between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide Krishna on a variety of philosophical issues.
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 in Oriya
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