Shelves: history , non-fiction , mid-east , military , ww1 , naval , library , europe , empires Written almost 60 years ago, this 4 Star account of Gallipoli is still fresh and informative. I was only minimally familiar with this campaign. Fixed that! Moorehead takes you through the inception, planning, execution and final withdrawal with precision and care for all participants. The Allied and the Turkish forces fought bravely, often in desperate battles for small gains in the historic lands near where Xerxes crossed the Hellespont, Achilles and Hector fought on the Trojan Plain, where you Written almost 60 years ago, this 4 Star account of Gallipoli is still fresh and informative. The Allied and the Turkish forces fought bravely, often in desperate battles for small gains in the historic lands near where Xerxes crossed the Hellespont, Achilles and Hector fought on the Trojan Plain, where you can swim between Asia and Europe in an hour.
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From the initial landings in April to the final evacuation in January , only a few miles of ground were gained at a cost of , Allied casualties, including 42, dead. Turkish casualties were similar, though more were killed. When the naval attempt failed in mid-March , the War Cabinet decided to send troops to capture the Gallipoli peninsula and open up the route to the Turkish capital.
READ: Gallipoli film review The initial landings on April 25 at the tip and north coast of the peninsula were by a combination of British, French and Anzac troops; and when they failed to advance more than a short distance, a third front was opened up at Suvla Bay on August 7.
It was also contained within a narrow beachhead, thus condemning the Allied troops to months of bombardment in a harsh, barren and waterless terrain. Could the plan ever have worked? Not according to Richard van Emden and Stephen Chambers, the authors of a new oral and pictorial history. There were a couple of moments when things could have gone differently: at Anzac beach on April 25, and Sari Bair Ridge and Suvla Bay on August , when the attackers almost took and held the high ground, thus forcing the Turks to withdraw.
But a combination of poor generalship, bad luck and stout defence enabled the Turks to hold on. With jeopardy in short supply, the true fascination of the campaign lies in its unutterable horror. No means existed for the concealment and deployment of fresh troops destined for the offensive. But their effort was in vain because the main attacks farther north were repulsed. The good comrades, who had come so gaily with us to the wars, who had fought so gallantly by our side, and who would now lie for ever among the barren rocks where they had died… No man was sorry to leave Gallipoli; but few were really glad.
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There was no need for her to go to war, nobody seriously threatened her, and in fact at that time it was the policy of the Allies and the Central Powers alike to keep her neutral if they could. Certainly the country was in no condition to fight. In the five years that had elapsed since the Young Turks had first come to power the Ottoman Empire had very largely disintegrated: Bulgaria was independent, Salonika, Crete and the Aegean islands had gone to Greece, Italy had seized Tripoli and the Dodecanese, and Britain had formally proclaimed the protectorate of Egypt and the annexation of Cyprus. Since the previous year the German Military Mission had made great improvements in the Turkish army, but the long series of defeats in the Balkan wars had done enormous harm. At many places the soldiers had gone unpaid for months, and morale had sunk almost to the point of mutiny.
Gallipoli by Alan Moorehead, Used
Biography[ edit ] Alan Moorehead was born in Melbourne , Australia. He travelled to England in and became a renowned foreign correspondent for the London Daily Express. Writer, world traveller, biographer, essayist, journalist, Moorehead was one of the most successful writers in English of his day. According to the critic Clive James , "Moorehead was there for the battles and the conferences through North Africa, Italy and Normandy all the way to the end. In England, the book won the Sunday Times thousand-pound award and gold medal was the first recipient of the Duff Cooper Memorial Award. The presentation of the latter was made by Sir Winston Churchill on 28 November
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