BAKHTIYAR KHILJI PDF

In Bengal, during his establishment, the Islamic missionaries achieved their greatest success in terms of dawah and number of converts to Islam. Afghan military chief Bakhtiyar Khilji, destroyed the great universities like Nalanda, Vikramshila and Odantpuri. For a brutal ruler and a strategist like him, his death in CE was surprisingly tame. Bakhtiyar Khalji, a member of the Khalaj tribe, a Turkic tribe long settled in what is now southern Afghanistan,was head of the military force that conquered parts of eastern India at the end of the 12th century and at the beginning of the 13th century. He entreated Muhammad Ghuri at Ghazni to enlist him as a soldier but, because of his short physical stature with long arms extending below the knees, his prayer was rejected.

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Rise Khilji came from the town of Garmsir in southern Afghanistan. He was first appointed as the Dewan-i-Ard at Ghor. Then he approached India in about the year and tried to enter in the army of Qutb-al-Din, but was refused rank. Then he went further eastward and took a job under Maklik Hizbar al-Din, then in command of a platoon at Badayun in northern India.

Khilji gathered some Muslims under his banner and soon consolidated his position, carrying out raids into neighboring territories. Conquests In s, Khilji was also responsible for the destruction of Nalanda University , which was an ancient Buddhist University in Bihar, India, nearby to the stronghold of Bihar. He apparently also massacred the students. The main Persian source for this [5] explains Khilji attacked the fortress unaware that it was a University.

This effort earned him political clout in the court at Delhi. In the same year he took his forces into Bengal. As he came upon the city of Nabadwip , it is said that he advanced so rapidly that only 18 horsemen from his army could keep up.

Khilji went on to capture the capital Gaur and intruded into much of Bengal. Khilji forces were ambushed in Assam and Ikhtiyar returned to Devkot with about one hundred surviving soldier.

Ghiyas-ud-din Iwaz Khilji became the successor. Ghiyas-ud-din again assumed power and proclaimed his independence. He depicted Khilji as the praiseworthy figurehead of conquest of Bengal.

He promoted religion and destroyed knowledge by burning down the ancient Nalanda University.

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Bakhtiyar Khalji's Tibet campaign

Rise Khilji came from the town of Garmsir in southern Afghanistan. He was first appointed as the Dewan-i-Ard at Ghor. Then he approached India in about the year and tried to enter in the army of Qutb-al-Din, but was refused rank. Then he went further eastward and took a job under Maklik Hizbar al-Din, then in command of a platoon at Badayun in northern India.

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Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji

His invasions are believed to have severely damaged the Buddhist establishments at Nalanda , Odantapuri , and Vikramashila. Khaliji destroyed the Nalanda and Vikramshila universities during his raids across North Indian plains, massacring many Buddhist and Brahmin scholars. They razed to the ground Buddhist monasteries with which the country was studded. The monks fled away in thousands to Nepal, Tibet and other places outside India. A very large number were killed outright by the Muslim commanders. How the Buddhist priesthood perished by the sword of the Muslim invaders has been recorded by the Muslim historians themselves. Summarizing the evidence relating to the slaughter of the Buddhist Monks perpetrated by the Musalman General in the course of his invasion of Bihar in AD, Mr.

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