Walther Thesis I. The doctrinal contents of the entire Holy Scriptures, both of the Old and the New Testament, are made up of two doctrines differing fundamentally from each other, viz. Thesis II. Only he is an orthodox teacher who not only presents all articles of faith in accordance with Scripture, but also rightly distinguishes from each other the Law and the Gospel.
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Life[ edit ] C. Out of a strong religious commitment, he immigrated to the United States in On September 21, , he married Emilie Buenger. They had six children. He started two important publications, and was author of many books and periodical articles. He was also the head pastor of the four Saxon Lutheran congregations called Gesammtgemeinde in St. He died of a serious illness in St. Louis on May 7, , and was buried at Concordia Cemetery, where a mausoleum was later built in his honor.
At the age of eight he attended school in Hohenstein for two years. One month later he enrolled in the University of Leipzig to begin his study of theology and joined his older brother Otto Hermann, who was enrolled in the same university. During his college years in Leipzig he contracted a near-fatal lung disease and had to interrupt his studies for six months. He also began believing in the importance of a firm confessional position. In , Ferdinand took his first exam at the university.
This examination authorized him to accept a position as a private tutor for a family in the town of Kahla. As part of his pastoral duties, he taught religion classes in the local school. He soon, however, found himself at odds with the rationalistic government of the Kingdom of Saxony because he believed it departed from the faith and practice of historic Lutheranism and promoted false doctrine—to him a lack of orthodoxy.
Exodus from Saxony[ edit ] Walther and several hundred of the other dissenters came together under the leadership of a pastor holding similar views— Martin Stephan from Dresden. The settlers arrived in New Orleans on January 5, The group settled either in St. Controversy over "Bishop" Stephan[ edit ] Soon after the immigrants were settled in the new homeland, their leader and self-proclaimed "bishop of the new settlement", Martin Stephan, was accused of financial and sexual misconduct and was expelled from the settlement.
His departure left Walther as one of the most well-respected clergymen remaining. The Altenburg Debate[ edit ] The group of immigrants was deeply disturbed and unsure whether they were still a Lutheran congregation after having left the authorities and church hierarchy in Germany behind. Walther, who was originally called to be the pastor of a dual parish in the Perry County settlements of Dresden and Johannisberg , struggled over the questions that the other pastors and laity were also asking.
In April , soon after his brother Otto Herman of St. Louis had died, a public debate was held between Walther and attorney Marbach, one of the lay leaders of the settlers, in what is known as the "Altenburg Debate". Walther convinced Marbach that they could validly consider themselves to be a church.
Louis, Trinity Lutheran Church, and served that congregation from May until his death. A log cabin college , which Walther helped to found, opened in December in Altenburg and eventually developed into Concordia Seminary in St.
Walther became its first president and held that position for the remainder of his life. Walther served as its first president, a position he held from to and again from to He also founded and edited several Lutheran periodicals, including Der Lutheraner and Lehre und Wehre. He wrote a number of theological books. Walther Walther vigorously opposed the theologies of non-Lutheran denominations in America and the influence of the major secular philosophies and movements on Lutheran thought and practice, and defended the doctrinal and cultural heritage of the Lutheran Church.
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Bertram, Paul G. Bretscher, Albert G. Huegli, O. Kretzmann, Edward H. Schroeder, John Streitelmeier The typist was able to distinguish only those items written by Bertram and Schroeder. After each thesis, the writer is indicated.
C.F.W. Walther On Law and Gospel Toward a Revival of Lutheran Hermeneutics
Law and Gospel.
Thesis IX. In the fifth place, the Word of God is not rightly divided when sinners who have been struck down and terrified by the Law are directed, not to the Word and the Sacraments, but to their own prayers and wrestlings with God in order that they may win their way into a state of grace; in other words, when thy are told to keep on praying and struggling until they feel that God has received them into grace. Thesis X. In the sixth place, the Word of God is not rightly divided when the preacher describes faith in a manner as if the mere inert acceptance of truths, even while a person is living in mortal sins, renders that person righteous in the sight of God and saves him; or as if faith makes a person righteous and saves him for the reason that it produces in him love and reformation of his mode of living. Thesis XI.