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It is a method of inquiry into people and the world or, more precisely, into their relationship. As opposed to traditional Western understanding based on a sharp distinction between person and the world, phenomenology — highly critical of Cartesian dualism in any form — regards subjects and objects in their unity.
It focuses upon nature and reality not as an absolutum existing only outside us, but as subject to human scrutiny, interaction, and creative participation. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Preview Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Notes 1. In oriental cultures, the understanding of the ontological relationship between people and their world developed differently from Western approaches.
Though it is not an explicit phenomenology, Japanese Zen-Buddhism, with its implicit existentialism reflected in the traditional arts and architecture, has many similarities to the phenomenological method; see D. Suzuki, Zen Buddhism, William Barrett, ed. Google Scholar 2. Google Scholar 3. Google Scholar 4. Google Scholar 5.
Google Scholar 6. This is a reference to the almost total penetration of the market of modern mass-societies today into the field of architecture, which results in the gradual devaluation of the built environment to the level of consumable commodity. Google Scholar 7. Google Scholar 8.
Quoted in Kenneth Frampton, ed. Google Scholar 9. Google Scholar This schism - reflected also in the split between theory and practice — started, in fact, in the Renaissance when Filippo Brunelleschi as the first architect-engineer left the actual construction of buildings to others. George Baird ibid. Frampton, Modern Architecture, p. New York: Harper and Row, , p. Hannah Arendt, The Human Condition, p. Boston: Beacon Press, , p. See Bognar, Japanese Architecture.
Aldo van Eyck, in Alison Smithson, ed. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Norberg-Schulz, Existence, pp. Gaston Bachelard, The Poetics of Space, pp. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, , p. Google Scholar Copyright information.
Meaning in Western architecture
The general theoretical and a designer may also have set an architectural problem, always will be the practical need of realizing affect the project. Thus among others the choice of the material, the poetic intentions, of undoubted importance in building and implementing a design. I touch not just by chance, the problem of the choice of material here. After all, the word material, which is etymologically related to the word mater, refers to the human need for security, tenderness and spatial shelter which is contained in the mother-archytype. Human beings will have to face in a direct manner with which seemingly indefinable, those things that apparently belong to the world of dreamer, s poets and philosophers. And yet, yet these things at one stage were very clearly defined and they suddenly realized that they are human with the essence of us have to do. The awareness of these seemingly elusive qualities brings us to a very special view of things.
Meaning in Western Architecture