As a child, she witnessed the devastating flu epidemic of , a personal experience that greatly influenced her understanding of the impact of illness and death on families. She then worked as a staff nurse in Pennsylvania and New York City. A summer position as nurse for the New York University summer camp led to a recommendation for Peplau to become the school nurse at Bennington College in Vermont. Here she met and worked with all the leading figures in British and American psychiatry.
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External Links Biography of Hildegard E. She became the first published nursing theorist since Florence Nightingale. Peplau was well-known for her Theory of Interpersonal Relations, which helped to revolutionize the scholarly work of nurses.
She was the second daughter, having two sisters and three brothers. Though illiterate, her father was persevering while her mother was a perfectionist and oppressive. She considers nursing was one of few career choices for women during her time. In , she witnessed the devastating flu epidemic that greatly influenced her understanding of the impact of illness and death on families.
Hospitals and physicians considered women in nursing as a source of free or inexpensive labor. In , she graduated in Pottstown, Pennsylvania School of Nursing. She met and worked with all the leading figures in British and American psychiatry.
After the war, Peplau was at the table with many of these same men as they worked to reshape the mental health system in the United States through the passage of the National Mental Health Act of As the 21st.
Century approaches, further progress will be reported and recorded in Cyberspace — The Internet being one conduit for that. In the early s, she developed and taught the first classes for graduate psychiatric nursing students at Teachers College. Peplau was a member of the faculty of the College of Nursing at Rutgers University from until her retirement in She was a professor emerita at the said university.
She was a prolific writer and was equally well known for her presentations, speeches, and clinical training workshops. Peplau vigorously advocated that nurses should become further educated so they could provide truly therapeutic care to patients rather than the custodial care that was prevalent in the mental hospitals of that era.
During the s and s, she supervised summer workshops for nurses throughout the United States, mostly in state psychiatric hospitals. In these seminars, she taught interpersonal concepts and interviewing techniques, as well as individual, family, and group therapy. Peplau was an advisor to the the World Health Organization and was a visiting professor at universities in Africa, Latin America, Belgium, and throughout the United States.
A strong advocate for graduate education and research in nursing, Peplau served as a consultant to the U. Surgeon General, the U.
She participated in many government policy making groups. Peplau was devoted to nursing education at full length of her career. After her retirement from Rutgers, she served as a visiting professor at the University of Leuven in Belgium in and There she helped establish the first graduate nursing program in Europe. Hildegard Peplau in Pottstown Hospital School of Nursing Yearbook Her fifty-year career in nursing left an unforgettable mark on the field and on the lives of the mentally challenged in the United States.
During the peak of her career, she became the founder of modern psychiatric nursing, an innovative educator, advocate for the mentally ill, proponent of advanced education for nurses, Executive Director and then President of the ANA and prolific author. And just like any other famous personalities, her life was often marked with controversy, which she faced with boldness, prowess and conviction.
Her theory is discussed further below. To Whom? For What? Her book on her conceptual framework, Interpersonal Relations in Nursing, was completed in Publication took four additional years because it was groundbreaking for a nurse to contribute this scholarly work without a co-authoring physician.
Hildegard Peplau: biography, theory
The progress of this theory was based on the study of other important works on human behavior and the functioning of the psyche. In addition, he stitched them together with his personal and professional experiences within his field of work. In his work" Interpersonal Relations in Nursing " Interpersonal Relations in Nursing , explains how the interaction between patients and nurses must be merged through cooperation to find the balance that will provide health, wellbeing and the improvement of the physical and psychic state. Four phases of interpersonal relationships According to Peplau, the correlation between patient and nurse is given in four phases that have as objective the personal development of both in different environments. The first phase is called"orientation", at which time the patient presents a state of discomfort and needs support from a nurse, who will help him understand what is happening. The second phase is"identification".
Hildegard Peplau - Nursing Theorist
Hildegard Peplau - Hildegard E. This award is given once every four years for outstanding national and international contributions to nursing and healthcare. Peplau is universially regarded as the "mother of psychiatric nursing. Publication was delayed for four years, however, because at that time it was considered too revolutionary for a nurse to publish a book without a physician co-author.
Hildegard Peplau: biografía, teoría
For these nurses, it is the nurse-patient relationship that is one of the most important things. By understanding the nurse-patient relationship, nurses can be better quipped to work with their patients and, ultimately, provide better care for them. As a child, she saw the devastating effects of the flu epidemic in , which greatly influenced how she understood how illness and death impacted families. Peplau died on March 17,
Hildegard Peplau: Interpersonal Relations Theory
She was the second oldest of 6 children, born to German parents. After this she worked as a nurse in New York and Pennsylvania until when she obtained her Bachelors in interpersonal psychology at Bennington College in Vermont. On August 17th, she said "There are two cultures now. Mine and yours. But I and every soldier here have been exposed to a rare experience—the privilege of seeing what real stress does to people and to their relationship with others. During this time she also completed her book, Interpersonal Relations in Nursing, in Although the book was finished in , it took four more years to be published because there was not a medical doctor as a co-author.