IQTA SYSTEM PDF

Political, legal and military authority was vested in the Sultan. Thus military strength was the main factor in succession of throne. Administrative units were, Iqta, Shiq, Paraganaa and Gram. Jagran Josh Administration during the Delhi Sultanate was completely dependent on Muslim laws which were the laws of the Shariat or the laws of Islam. The Sultans and the nobles primary duty was to observe the laws of Shariat or Islamic laws in the matters of the state. This period rightfully stated that the Administration of Delhi Sultanate was largely influenced by their religion.

Author:Tujind Kajizil
Country:Mozambique
Language:English (Spanish)
Genre:Finance
Published (Last):8 August 2013
Pages:20
PDF File Size:20.46 Mb
ePub File Size:3.61 Mb
ISBN:426-1-20851-914-5
Downloads:15622
Price:Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader:Faumuro



The Governments in those times made all attempts to increase the revenue by collecting taxes as per those in Islamic nations. The agricultural and land revenue system of the early Turkish Sultans rested on two foundations viz. The Iqta system provided an agrarian system to the country while the members of the ruling class attained income without any permanent attachment to any territory. The Iqta system was provided institutional status by Iltutmish and later this system became the mainstay of the sultanate administration under slave dynasty.

Iqta System Under Iqta System, the land of the empire was divided into several large and small tracts called Iqta and assigned these Iqtas to his soldiers, officers and nobles. In the beginning, an Iqta was based upon salary.

Later, under Firoz Shah Tughlaq it became hereditary. Literally, Iqta means land or land revenue assigned to an individual on certain conditions. The holders of these Iqtas were the trustful agents of the Sultan. There were two kinds of Iqtas viz. Large Iqtas and Small Iqtas. The holders of large Iqta were the provincial governors, who had some administrative responsibilities also. On the other hand, the holders of the small Iqtas were the small troops holders who had no administrative responsibilities.

The small Iqta holders held and appropriated all the income obtained from the cultivators but as a quid pro quid, they were bound to present themselves with horses and arms whenever called upon by the Central Government. These small Iqta holders were called Khuts and Muqaddams. Amir Khusarau, for the first time, referred to Khuts as Zamindars. The Khuts and Muqaddams became fond of luxurious living over the period of time, later, Alauddin Khilji suddenly abolished the system of small Iqtas with a stroke of pen and brought them under the central Government thus called Khalsa land.

This was regarded as one of the most important agrarian reforms of Alauddin Khilji.

RACIAL AND ETHNIC GROUPS SCHAEFER 13TH EDITION PDF

Iqta System

The standard provincial administration was in the time of Akbar for the first time. Ibn Battuta came to India in the time of Muhammad bin Tugluq. Ibn Battuta talked about 23 provinces in the time of Muhammad bin Tugluq. Iqta system- The features of this system are as follows: The Iqta system had started outside India in Persia Iran region and in western Asia.

DERECH HASHEM PDF

Iqtadari System

The Governments in those times made all attempts to increase the revenue by collecting taxes as per those in Islamic nations. The agricultural and land revenue system of the early Turkish Sultans rested on two foundations viz. The Iqta system provided an agrarian system to the country while the members of the ruling class attained income without any permanent attachment to any territory. The Iqta system was provided institutional status by Iltutmish and later this system became the mainstay of the sultanate administration under slave dynasty.

GAHANU LAMAI NOVEL PDF

Administration of India under the Delhi Sultanate

Nomadic Nomadic Nomadic government is found in the steppes of central Asia in which the realm is not focused on keeping and holding baronies, but instead moves around in search of new grazing land for horses and other livestock. The only succession law is the Nomad succession law, in which the male relative uncle, brother, son or nephew of the same culture with the most prestige inherits. Whilst nomads can have ordinary vassals, like in the Feudal system, most internal politics is centered around management of the other powerful clans in the realm, who can often rival or outshine the liege in terms of power. Nomadic rulers can only hold the Nomadic capital a special holding type that is only available to Nomads and exists only in their capital province without penalty, and gain benefits from having empty land in their realm increasing their manpower and population, which they use to recruit troops for their horde. Non-Christian nomads do not require the relevant DLC in order to play as rulers of certain religions e. The Old Gods for pagans and Zoroastrians. Capital move cooldown months.

Related Articles