Brasseur believed that a word which he read as Mu referred to a land that had been submerged by a catastrophe. The description of that land given to Solon by Sonchis , priest at Sais ; its destruction by earthquakes , and submergence, recorded by Plato in his Timaeus , have been told and retold so many times that it is useless to encumber these pages with a repetition of it. VI, p. Other refugees supposedly fled to Central America and became the Maya.
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James had four brothers and four sisters. Census records indicate the family next moved to London when James was 18 after his grandfather George Gould died. He was the elder brother of the Masonic author Albert Churchward — He was a tea planter in Sri Lanka before coming to the US in the s. In , at the age of 75, he published The Lost Continent of Mu: Motherland of Man, which he claimed proved the existence of a lost continent , called Mu , in the Pacific Ocean.
Claims and hypothesis[ edit ] According to Churchward, Mu "extended from somewhere north of Hawaii to the south as far as the Fijis and Easter Island. Churchward claimed to have gained his knowledge of this lost land after befriending an Indian priest, who taught him to read an ancient dead language spoken by only three people in all of India.
His knowledge remained incomplete, as the available tablets were mere fragments of a larger text, but Churchward claimed to have found verification and further information in the records of other ancient peoples. His writings attempt to describe the civilisation of Mu, its history, inhabitants, and influence on subsequent history and civilisation. Churchward claimed that the ancient Egyptian sun-god Ra originated with the Mu; he claimed that "Rah" was the word which the Naacals used for "sun" as well as for their god and rulers.
Scientific rebuttal[ edit ] Alfred Metraux undertook research on Easter Island in the s, and in published a monograph on Easter Island which includes a rebuttal of the hypothesis that Easter Island was a remnant of a sunken continent. In the second half of the twentieth century, improvements in oceanography , in particular understanding of seafloor spreading and plate tectonics , have left little scientific basis for geologically recent lost continents such as Mu.
Williams has written that his "translations are outrageous, his geology, in both mechanics and dating, is absurd, and his mishandling of archaeological data, as in the Valley of Mexico, is atrocious. According to Stein "it is difficult to assess whether Churchward really believed what he said about Mu, or whether he was knowingly writing fiction. Although it has attracted some following, it has never received scholarly or scientific support.
Churchward and the lost island of Mu also appear in Philip K. Fishing Among the 1, Islands of the St.
Mu (lost continent)