Officers of the Constitutional Commission Meaning of political science Scope of political science Interrelationship with other branches of learning Goal in the study of political science courses Meaning of state

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Similar to U. It enumerates two kinds of citizens: natural-born citizens and naturalized citizens. Natural-born citizens are those who are citizens from birth without having to perform any act to acquire or perfect Philippine citizenship.

The Philippines follows a jus sanguinis system where citizenship is mainly acquired through a blood relationship with Filipino citizens. Natural-born citizenship forms an important part of the political system as only natural-born Filipinos are eligible to hold high offices, including all elective offices beginning with a representative in the House of Representatives up to the President. Article V — Suffrage[ edit ] Article V mandates various age and residence qualifications to vote and a system of secret ballots and absentee voting.

It also mandates a procedure for overseas and disabled and illiterate Filipinos to vote. It vests upon Congress, among others, the power of investigation and inquiry in aid of legislation, [10] the power to declare the existence of a state of war, [11] the power of the purse, [12] the power of taxation, [13] and the power of eminent domain. It provides for the qualification, terms of office, election, and power and functions of the President.

It also provides for a Vice President and for the presidential line of succession. While the power to appoint justices and judges still reside with the President, the President from a list of at least three nominees prepared by the Judicial and Bar Council for every vacancy, a body composed of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court , the Secretary of Justice , the Chairs of the Senate and House Committees on Justice, and representatives from the legal profession.

It also vests upon the Congress the power to impeach the President, the Vice President, members of the Supreme Court, and the Ombudsman. Article XII — National Economy and Patrimony[ edit ] Article XII lays down the goals and objectives of the Philippine government in terms of wealth distribution, division of goods and services and to offer job opportunities to elevate the lives of Filipino people.

This section also provides important provisions such as: Promote effective industrialization and aim for a full employment of its people All natural resources within the Philippine territory shall be owned by the State Protect the rights of the indigenous cultural communities Businesses, organizations and other institutions shall be subject to the intervention of the State Article XIII — Social Justice and Human Rights[ edit ] Article XIII divulge the utmost responsibility of the Congress to give the highest priority in enactments of such measures which protects and enhances the rights of all the people to human dignity through affirming that present social, economic and political inequalities as well as cultural inequities among the elites and the poor shall be reduced or removed in order to secure equitable welfare and common good among Filipino people.

It also establishes the role of the Commission on Human Rights which ensures appropriate legal measures for the protection of human rights of all the persons within the Philippines as well as Filipinos residing abroad. Moreover, this section also lays down salient provisions such as: Protection of labor, be it local or overseas in order to promote full employment and equal opportunities for all.

Protection of the rights and giving of support to independent Filipino farmers and fishermen among local communities for the utilization of their resources without foreign intrusion, together with the provision and application of Agrarian and Natural Resources Reform for the development of the lives of the people.

Securing of the lives among the underprivileged citizens through Urban Land Reforms and Housing. Adoption and integration of affordable and competent medical care and health services for the welfare of every Filipino people.

Recognition of the rights of women in workplace for the realization of their full potential in providing service to its nation. You can help by adding to it. February Article XV — The Family[ edit ] Article XV establishes the recognition of the state on the Filipino family as the basic foundation of the nation as it shall reinforce and bolster its solidarity and steadily promote its development. Alongside with this, it also states important provisions such as: Protection of marriage by the state as it is recognized as the foundation of the family and is an inviolable institution.

Protection of the rights of spouses with responsible parenthood to found a family in accordance with their religious convictions. Recognition and protection of the rights of every Filipino children. All amendments must be ratified in a national referendum. The Court, for example, has ruled that a provision requiring that the State "guarantee equal access to opportunities to public service" could not be enforced without accompanying legislation, and thus could not bar the disallowance of so-called "nuisance candidates" in presidential elections.


Textbook On The Philippine Constitution






Textbook on the Philippine Constitution



Textbook on the Philippine Constitution [Hector S De Leon]


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