Of all the parasites that affect humanity I do not know of, nor can I imagine, any more distressing than that of Obesity, and, having just emerged from a very long probation in this affliction, I am desirous of circulating my humble knowledge and experience for the benefit of my fellow man, with an earnest hope it may lead to the same comfort and happiness I now feel under the extraordinary change,—which might almost be termed miraculous had it not been accomplished by the most simple common-sense means. It would afford me infinite pleasure and satisfaction to name the author of my redemption from the calamity, as he is the only one that I have been able to find and my search has not been sparing who seems thoroughly up in the question; but such publicity might be construed improperly, and I have, therefore, only to offer my personal experience as the stepping-stone to public investigation, and to proceed with my narrative of facts, earnestly hoping the reader will patiently peruse and thoughtfully consider it, with forbearance for any fault of style or diction, and for any seeming presumption in publishing it. At one time I thought the Editor of the Lancet would kindly publish a letter from me on the subject, but further reflection led me to doubt whether an insignificant individual would be noticed without some special introduction. In the April number of the Cornhill Magazine I read with much interest an article on the subject—defining tolerably well the effects, but offering no tangible remedy, or even positive solution of the problem—"What is the Cause of Obesity?
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After giving it some more thought I decided to start a series of posts on the books that I found most essential in my own low-carb reading. So here we are with the first post in the series. Probably the most influential diet book of all time was not really a diet book, but a bound letter written by a satisfied patient. William Banting was a middle-aged undertaker living in London who had become obese. He sought the help of multiple physicians and other practitioners who prescribed a variety of remedies for him, none of which worked.
Or as he put it I consulted…high orthodox authorities never any inferior adviser , but all in vain. I have tried sea air and bathing in various localities, with much walking exercise, taken gallons of physic and liquor potassae, advisedly and abundantly; riding on horseback; the waters and climate of Leamington many times, as well as those of Cheltenham and Harrogate frequently; have lived upon sixpence a-say, so to speak, and earned it, if bodily labour may be so construed; and have spared no trouble nor expense in consultations with the best authorities in the land, giving each and all a fair time for experiment, without any permanent remedy, as the evil [his obesity] still gradually increased.
He tried all the above along with simple diets, i. Despite all his efforts and all the advice of the many practitioners whose opinions he sought the evil still increased, and, like the parasite of barnacles on a ship, if it did not destroy the structure, it obstructed its fair, comfortable progress in the path of life. Banting finally fell into the hands of a physician who recommended a low-carb diet, or, in the words of the time, a diet lacking in starch and saccharine sugar and sugar-sweetened foods matter.
He took to his new diet with a gusto and began for the first time to lose substantial amounts of weight. As the months wore on, his fat dropped off. In fact, he was so fired up and had had enough people ask him about his regimen that he decided to publish at his own expense a small, bound pamphlet describing his own experiences that he could pass out gratis to anyone who wanted one.
The first printing of of these pamphlets that Banting called A Letter on Corpulence went fast. He then wrote an addendum and printed copies of this second edition and gave them all away. In the UK people still often speak of banting when they are talking about dieting.
Other languages picked it up and use bant or some variant as their word for dieting in general, not just low-carb dieting. I have scanned it and made it available online in its original size to anyone who wants it. The Victorian prose went down more smoothly when read on yellowed Victorian pages with a bend in the middle made by someone who a hundred or so years ago folded it in half to stick in his pocket.
I wanted readers of this blog to be able to have the same experience — or as close to that as possible, so go for it. The whole thing takes about 15 minutes to read maybe a half hour max and is loaded with pearls of wisdom or explanations of situations many of us find ourselves in today.
One of the reasons Banting gives for writing the letter was because he was earnestly hoping the subject may be taken up by medical men and thoroughly ventilated. Fat chance. The medical establishment of the day was as pigheaded about low-carb dieting as the medical establishment is today.
They basically sniffed at his book and pronounced it a fraud. He has a great description of how obesity is regarded by both the public and the medical fraternity that rings true today. Obesity seems to me very little understood or properly appreciated by the faculty and the public generally, or the former would long ere have hit upon the cause for so lamentable a disease, and applied effective remedies, whilst the latter would have spared their injudicious remarks and sneers, frequently painful in society, and which, even on the strongest mind, have an unhappy tendency.
Among the many prescriptions he got for reducing his bulk was this one to exercise. I consulted an eminent surgeon…who recommended increased bodily exertion before my ordinary daily labours began, and thought rowing and excellent plan. I had the command of a good, heavy, safe boat, lived near the river, and adopted it for a couple of hours early in the morning.
It is true I gained muscular vigor, but with it a prodigious appetite, which I was compelled to indulge, and consequently increased my weight, until my kind old friend advised me to forsake the exercise. As you can see, Banting had about the same results with his exercise program that people do today with theirs. I have spared no pains to remedy this by low living moderation and light food as generally prescribed, but I had no direct bill of fare to know what was really intended , and that, consequently, brought the system into a low impoverished state, without decreasing corpulence, caused many obnoxious boils to appear, and two rather formidable carbuncles, for which I was ably operated upon and fed into the increased obesity.
When he finally fell into the hands of someone who had good sense, he got the following advice: The items from which I was advised to abstain as much as possible were:—Bread, butter, milk, sugar, beer, and potatoes, which had been the main and, I thought innocent elements of my existence, or at all events they had for many years been adopted freely.
These, said my excellent adviser, contain starch and saccharine matter, tending to create fat, and should be avoided altogether. Take a look at pages in the book to see the actual diet Banting ended up following. Note how much booze he drank along with his low-carb fare. Had he only drunk half this much, he would have no doubt lost half again as much weight. Is it any wonder he was corpulent? My former dietary table was bread and milk for breakfast, or a pint of tea with plenty of milk and sugar, and buttered toast; meat, beer, much of bread or which I was always very fond and pastry for dinner, the meal of tea similar to that of breakfast, and generally a fruit tart of bread and milk for supper.
I had little comfort and far less sound sleep. How many people — maybe even you yourself — find themselves saying something along these lines after they discover the beauty of the low-carb diet. I can conscientiously assert I never lived so well as under the new plan of dietary, which I should have formerly thought a dangerous extravagant trespass against health. Here Banting is years ahead of his time.
The simple dietary evidently adds fuel to the fire, whereas the superior and liberal seems to extinguish it. In other words, low-cal, low-fat diets add fuel to the obesity fire while higher-calorie, higher-fat diets do the opposite.
We know why now. Banting even fiddles with a maintenance plan in much the same way that I follow my own maintenance plan and recommend patients follow theirs. I…have frequently indulged my fancy, experimentally, in using milk, sugar, butter, and potatoes—indeed, I may say all the forbidden articles except beer, in moderation, with impunity, but always as an exception, not as a rule. This deviation, however, convinces me that I hold the power of maintaining the happy medium in my own hands.
And, like all of us, he has seen people successful on the diet get sabotages by their friends and family. Many…doubtless return to their former habits, encouraged so to act by the ill-judged advice of friends who, I am persuaded from the correspondence I have had on this most interesting subject become unthinking accomplices in the destruction of those whom they regard and esteem.
One of those dangerous high-protein diets? I wonder what they said back then? And stimulates the innate immune system to attack it just as a parasite would. Macrophages swarm over and between the fat cells just like they would if this visceral fat were a parasite or other foreign invader. In fact, having a lot of visceral fat is not much different than having a big splinter deep in the middle of your belly. It catalyzes the same immune response.
Banting hit the nail on the head when he called fat a parasite way back in the date of first publication.
Banting Letter on Corpulence – In Today’s English
The only defect if I may call it that of the previous editions, was that I was unable to offer evidence of how effective Banting is, apart from my own experience. Five years have now passed since the third edition that was sold world-wide. It gives me much pleasure to know that I have been instrumental in publicising a little-known and much-neglected law of nature. How popular has the third edition been? It sold a phenomenal 63, copies in the UK alone, was translated into foreign languages, and widely circulated in France, Germany, and the United States.
Letter on corpulence : addressed to the public
Letter on Corpulence by William Banting