If one hopes to fully grasp the contents, the best approach is slow reading and rereading with Wikipedia close at hand. It is a critical review of the literature, including film, poetry, philosophy, et. It starts by providing a brief account of the various political and philosophical orientations within the broad spectrum of environmentalism. For example, the first perspective is "cornucopia"; cornucopians claim that human welfare increases with population, economic growth and technological progress.
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Ecocriticism expanded as a widely used literary and cultural theory by the early s with the formation of the Association for the Study of Literature and Environment ASLE at the Western Literary Association , followed by the launch of the flagship journal ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment cited under Journals in , and then later the publication of The Ecocriticism Reader Glotfelty and Fromm , cited under Collections of Essays.
Ecocriticism is often used as a catchall term for any aspect of the humanities e. This is not to say that ecocriticism is confined to literature and culture; scholarship often incorporates science, ethics, politics, philosophy, economics, and aesthetics across institutional and national boundaries Clark , p.
Ecocriticism remains difficult to define. Originally, scholars wanted to employ a literary analysis rooted in a culture of ecological thinking, which would also contain moral and social commitments to activism. There are currently hundreds of books and thousands of articles and chapters written about ecocriticism. General Overviews This section looks at some of the pioneering work in ecocriticism, as well as some of the most read work introducing the subject.
Meeker , presenting comedy and tragedy as ecological concepts, connects literary and environmental studies as a cohesive field of study. Love builds on the work of Meeker and Rueckert by essentially anticipating the explosion of and need for ecocriticism in just a few years.
Ecocriticism as a literary and cultural theory significantly expanded in the s—paralleling other forms of literary and cultural theory, such as postcolonialism and critical race studies—largely due to the publication of Glotfelty and Fromm cited under Collections of Essays , the first edited collection of essays and anthology to introduce a comprehensive critical outline of ecocriticism.
Buell , another critically dense and timely study, outlines the trajectory of American ecocriticism by way of Henry David Thoreau as a central figure. Kerridge and Sammells cited under Collections of Essays , which expanded studies in race and class, as well as ecocritical history, followed both Glotfelty and Fromm and Buell Garrard is the most recent overview volume, with many noteworthy ecocritical scholars; it serves as a somewhat updated version of Glotfelty and Fromm See also Anthologies and Collections of Essays for some other notable overviews.
Buell, Lawrence. See also Nature Writing. Clark, Timothy. The Cambridge Introduction to Literature and the Environment. It offers an excellent range of topics, and despite serving as an introduction, it employs incisive analysis of previously overlooked issues in introductory books on ecocriticism, such as posthumanism, violence, and animal studies.
It is one of the best contemporary overviews. Garrard, Greg. New York: Routledge, It is available as an inexpensive paperback. Originally published in Garrard, Greg, ed. The Oxford Handbook of Ecocriticism. New York: Oxford University Press, It is an essential work for ecocritics. Love, Glen. Edited by Cheryll Glotfelty and Harold Fromm, — Meeker, Joseph. It spans many centuries—looking at Dante, Shakespeare, and Petrarch, as well as E. Wilson—and analyzes comedy and tragedy as two literary forms that reflect forces greater than that of humans.
Phillips, Dana. Oxford: Oxford University Press, DOI: Rueckert, William.
GARRARD ECOCRITICISM PDF
Zuluzilkree I am not denying the importance of this book nor the superior style the boo This is the first book that I have finished reading on ecocriticism; not being able to understand the main idea of the book was the reason why I was putting off posting garfard review on it. Even if the book is greatly organized, I have found difficulty in recalling what I have learnt from it. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. My library Help Advanced Book Search. Ultimately, the purpose of this book and ecocriticism in general is to help people overcome ecocritkcism.
Kazizilkree Account Options Sign in. Even if the book is greatly organized, I have found difficulty in recalling what I have learnt from it. Jan 19, Lisa rated it really liked it. He would point out that the previous sentence exhibits metaphorical exploitation of This book in the New Critical Idiom series provides an effective, readable introduction to the main issues in ecocriticism, relying on and updating earlier readers by Glotfelty and Fromm, Kerridge and Sammells, and Armbruster and Wallace. Psychology Press- Literary Criticism — pages.
At the same time, ecocriticism has borrowed methodologies and theoretically informed approaches liberally from other fields of literary, social and scientific study. Cohen has observed, "if you want to be an ecocritic, be prepared to explain what you do and be criticized, if not satirized. Similarly, there has been a call to recognize the place of the Environmental Justice movement in redefining ecocritical discourse. Implementing the Gomides definition, Joseph Henry Vogel makes the case that ecocriticism constitutes an "economic school of thought" as it engages audiences to debate issues of resource allocation that have no technical solution. Ashton Nichols has recently argued that the historical dangers of a romantic version of nature now need to be replaced by "urbanatural roosting", a view that sees urban life and the natural world as closely linked and argues for humans to live more lightly on the planet, the way virtually all other species do.