Fascist intellectual doctrine crystalized before in a process inseparable from the widespread Haeckelian cultural reformation. Look how little the leopards have lost their spots! Defining features of this cohort were: They referred to themselves as: ecologists, naturalists and socio-biologists. They were pseudo-scientists bent on subverting real science.
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Fascist intellectual doctrine crystalized before in a process inseparable from the widespread Haeckelian cultural reformation. Look how little the leopards have lost their spots! Defining features of this cohort were: They referred to themselves as: ecologists, naturalists and socio-biologists. They were pseudo-scientists bent on subverting real science. Their mantras were: natural, holistic, and organic. Their Religion of Nature was basically a revival of Pantheism.
They worshipped Earth as a divine living organism. They desired scientist-led governance. They were pessimistic and denied the existence of progress. They exhibited a longing for primitivism. They were organizationally and ideologically linked to the organic foods movement.
They were divided between those who wanted to replace Christianity and those who wanted to modify Christianity. They considered humanitarianism to be scientifically incorrect. They described society as an organism that grew organically out of Nature.
They saw direct continuity between biological and sociological laws, and contended that bio-evolutionary laws should literally be the basis for human laws.
They believed human survival required abject conformity to the environmental totality. Human liberation would come not through dominion over Nature but through submission to Natural Law. They opposed capitalist industrialization and sought to reinvigorate beleaguered countryside interests undermined by the rise of industrial cities.
Hostility to industrial capitalism manifested in criticism of what was deemed lifeless scientific-mechanical thinking. They stridently opposed democracy. Gasman did not set out to expose similarities between environmentalism and fascism.
His book makes no reference to environmentalism nor ventures off the topic of European academic trends circa He discovered a trove of letters to Haeckel from proto-fascist intellectuals. Haeckel provided scientific legitimization for this movement. However, fascist ideologues studied Haeckel, not Darwin. The late 19th century rebellion against Western Civilization and Christianity, ascribed to Nietzsche, should be credited to Haeckel.
Henri Bergson et al. Syndicalist tracts are unmistakably Haeckelian. Haeckel is portrayed as a materialist, empiricist, and left-wing progressive.
Haeckel was an idealist, mystic, elitist, racist reactionary. Proto-fascist ideologues who were also Haeckel disciples have either been deleted from history or have had their connection to Haeckel deleted.
This process occurred alongside a counter-attack on Comtian positivism empiricism. Anti-positivism was marked by syncretic mysticism and militant irrationalism.
In Haeckel attained a doctorate in medicine, and afterwards he received the license to practice medicine. The occupation of physician appeared less worthwhile to Haeckel after contact with suffering patients. Between and Haeckel worked on many phyla, such as radiolarians , poriferans sponges and annelids segmented worms. Their son Walter was born in , their daughters Elizabeth in and Emma in Haeckel retired from teaching in , and in he withdrew from the Evangelical Church of Prussia.
Haeckel's monism and the birth of fascist ideology
Haeckel's Monism and the Birth of Fascist Ideology